عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: From a variationist perspective and with the idea that names do not merely have a referential function, but also contain information about geographical and social variations, the present study aimed to introduce the interdisciplinary discipline of “Dialectology of Proper Names”.
Method: The research method used in this research was descriptive-analytical and the data were collected in the field with the help of informed people living in different villages of Baneh and Sardasht villagers, teachers in these villages, and also in some cases using the researcher’s information intuition.
Results: The results of the present research showed a difference between the Sardashti and Baneh varieties in terms of the pronunciation of some proper names, which is in line with the differences between these two varieties of Sorani dialect. In examining the type of naming, it was found that metaphor-based naming, relying on concepts derived from nature, has a special place and role in Sorani Kurdish. Regarding nicknaming of people, examining the nicknames used in Baneh variety indicated that a person's appearance and behavioral characteristics could be the basis for nicknames. The animal naming section showed that Sorani speakers name domestic animals based on metaphors, their appearance, and behavioral characteristics. The naming of natural places in Surani Kurdish was based on metaphor, metonymy, appearance characteristics, etc., and in the case of settlements, it was based on the name of a prominent person, proximity to springs and rivers, etc.
Conclusion: Investigating the linguistic variation and diversity of proper nouns in the Surani dialect showed that proper nouns can be used as suitable variation indicators in dialectology, from different perspectives: geographic variation in proper names, geographic variation in the pronunciation of the same name, metaphor-based naming, nicknaming of people, naming animals, and place names.