عنوان مقاله [English]
Languages and dialects are means of communication and connection between adjacent areas in many countries. Iran's southern coastal areas have long had strong cultural ties with the southern Persian Gulf countries; from among different dimensions of such relations is the domain of language and dialect. Bastaki dialect is a branch of Larestani language spoken in the south of Iran, that has borrowed many words from the local languages spoken in the margins of Persian Gulf. No trace of such borrowings can be found in other Iranian languages and dialects. This article investigates the semantic and phonetic changes of the Arabic borrowings and the frequency of Arabic words and expressions in Bastaki dialect by using library and field research methods as well as concordancing method and by relying on the visual media within the domain of Persian Gulf. Results indicate that some local words and expressions of southern Persian Gulf countries have gone through semantic and phonetic changes, some others have become obsolete due to the widespread use of Persian language and media, and some have survived. The frequency of the words and expressions borrowed from the Arab states in the margins of Persian Gulf is considerable in Bastaki dialect.